For Non-Natives

Obesity

Which do you prefer?

 

Obesity

If you say “Sleek type of belly”, there is no problem.   But if you praise “muffin top belly”, exclaiming that “Oh! What a prominent potbelly is!” or how dignified stomach is!,  let’s talk about obesity as there are many risks behind your body.

What’s your BMI ?

 

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

People are generally considered obese when their Body Mass Index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person’s height,

BMI is over 30 kg/m2, with the range 25–30 kg/m2 defined as overweight as shown below classification chart,

BMI (kg/m2)Classificationfromup to 18.5underweight18.525normal weight2530overweight3035class I obesity3540class II obesity40 class III obesity  

Some East Asian countries use lower values. Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and depression.

Cause of obesity

 

It is said that obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity including a sedentary lifestyle, and genetic susceptibility.

A few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or mental disorder.

The view that obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is not medically supported.

On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their normal counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.

Treatment of obesity

 

Obesity is mostly preventable through a combination of social changes and personal choices. Changes to diet and exercising are the main treatments.

Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat or sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber.

Medications can be used, along with a suitable diet, to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption.

If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume or length of the intestines, leading to feeling full earlier or a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.

Obesity in general

 

Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children.

In 2015, 600 million adults (12%) and 100 million children were obese in 195 countries.

Obesity is more common in women than men. Authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century.

Obesity is stigmatized in much of the modern world (particularly in the Western world), though it was seen as a symbol of wealth and fertility at other times in history and still is in some parts of the world.

In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease.

Health risks linked to obesity

Obesity is a term that means you have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher. It makes you more likely to have conditions including:

● Heart disease and stroke

Extra weight makes you more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Both of those conditions make heart disease or stroke more likely.

The good news is that losing a small amount of weight can reduce your chances ofdeveloping heart disease or a stroke. Losing even more weight has been shown to lower the risk even more.

● High blood pressure

● Diabetes

Most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. You can cut your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by losing weight, eating a balanced diet, getting adequate sleep, and exercising more.

If you have type 2 diabetes, losing weight and becoming more physically active can help control your blood sugar levels. Becoming more active may also reduce your need for diabetes medication.

● Some cancers

Cancers of the colon, breast (after menopause), endometrium (the lining of the uterus), kidney, and esophagus are linked to obesity. Some studies have also reported links between obesity and cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.

● Gallbladder disease and gallstones

Gallbladder disease and gallstones are more common if you are overweight.

Ironically, weight loss itself, particularly rapid weight loss or loss of a large amount of weight, can make you more likely to get gallstones.

Losing weight at a rate of about 1 pound a week is less likely to cause gallstones.

● Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a common joint condition that most often affects the knee, hip, or back. Carrying extra pounds places extra pressure on these joints and wears away the cartilage (tissue cushioning the joints) that normally protects them.Weight loss can ease stress on the knees, hips, and lower back and may improve the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

● Gout

Gout is a disease that affects the joints. It happens when you have too much uric acid in your blood. The extra uric acid can form crystals that deposit in the joints.

Gout is more common in overweight people. The more you weigh, the more likely you are to get gout.

Over the short term, sudden weight changes may lead to a flare-up of gout. If you have a history of gout, check with your doctor for the best way to lose weight.

●Breathing problems, such as sleep apnea (when a person stops breathing for short episodes during sleep) and asthma

●Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a breathing condition that’s linked to being overweight.

Sleep apnea can cause a person to snore heavily and to briefly stop breathing during sleep. Sleep apnea may cause daytime sleepiness and make heart disease and stroke more likely.

Weight loss often improves sleep apnea.

Not everyone who is obese has these problems. The risk rises if you have a family history of one of those conditions.

Also, where your weight is may matter. If it’s mostly around your stomach (the “apple” shape), that may be riskier than if you have a “pear” shape, meaning that your extra weight is mostly around your hips and buttocks.

Let’s go for solutions.

In order to avoid some dangerous illnesses resulting you could kill by yourself from excessive obesity, first of all, going on a diet consulting dieticians and/or doctors or you should check on intake calories would be recommendable.

Second, going to Rizap training gymnasium would be most recommended, why don’t you give it a try. Good luck!

About the author

健康寿命